01. Asbestos Risk for Oil Refinery Workers
How Are Oil Refinery Workers Exposed to Asbestos?
Oil refineries process and refine crude oil, or petroleum, into other products. Asbestos materials were used at oil refinery sites because petroleum is highly flammable.
Before the 1980s, asbestos was commonly added to materials to improve heat and chemical resistance. Asbestos also improved the durability of refinery equipment.
Facts About Oil Refinery Workers
- 38,930 oil refinery workers in the United States (2018)
- Asbestos Exposure: Previous and ongoing exposure risk
- Asbestos-Related Disease Risk: Moderate
- Similar Occupations: Steelworkers, pipefitters, machine operators
Asbestos was often found in gaskets, fireproof clothing and other building materials at oil refineries. Oil refinery employees could come in contact with the dangerous material in a number of their day-to-day tasks. For example, when asbestos gaskets are removed for maintenance or repair, asbestos dust can be released.
Today, oil refinery workers may still risk occupational asbestos exposure. Some oil refineries may have old pipes and machinery with asbestos parts.
What Asbestos Products Put Oil Refinery Workers at Risk?
A variety of asbestos-containing materials were used at oil refineries. Oil refinery workers may experience asbestos exposure from:
- Asbestos insulation
- Ceiling tiles
- Fire-resistant clothing
- Floor tiles
When these products are damaged, sanded, scraped or improperly removed, asbestos dust may be released into the air. Asbestos in the air creates an exposure risk to the individual working with the asbestos-containing materials and nearby workers.
Several companies manufactured asbestos products that posed a danger to workers. The following asbestos companies supplied products to oil refineries.
Many petroleum companies such as ExxonMobil, Standard Oil Company and Texaco, Inc. used asbestos products at their facilities. These companies may also be liable in asbestos exposure cases because they did not protect workers.
Common Places Asbestos Is Found in Oil Refineries
Asbestos products were most commonly found in areas with high temperatures and pressure. Locations in the workplace that often exposed oil refinery workers include:
- Boiler rooms
Asbestos could also be found in the clothing oil workers wore for protection. Asbestos clothing and protective equipment were meant to prevent burns and chemical exposure. However, some protective clothing exposed workers to asbestos.
Oil Refinery Workers and At-Risk Trades
Many workers at oil refineries may have experienced asbestos exposure. At-risk trades in the oil refinery industry include:
- Construction workers
- Maintenance workers
Family members of oil refinery workers are also at risk of asbestos exposure. If workers bring asbestos dust home on their clothing, loved ones may experience secondhand exposure.
Secondhand asbestos exposure was and is common among family members who launder or handle work clothing.
02. Mesothelioma Risk for Oil Refinery Workers
Mesothelioma Risk for Oil Refinery Workers
Any oil refinery worker exposed to asbestos is at risk of developing asbestosis, lung cancer or mesothelioma. Due to widespread asbestos use in the industry, oil refinery workers are at higher risk of exposure than the general population.
In one study, researchers examined more than 10,600 petroleum refinery employees for 56 years. The researchers found an increase in mesothelioma deaths among maintenance employees at refineries.
Researchers also observed mortality risk from an asbestos illness nearly doubled for those who worked at a refinery for 10 years or more compared to an employee of one year.
A second study, published in 2017, compared the mesothelioma mortality rates of 200 industries. Researchers suggested petroleum refining had one of the highest mesothelioma proportionate mortality ratios (PMR) of all the industries studied.
This means petroleum workers had higher death rates from mesothelioma than other industries.
Today, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations protect petroleum workers from asbestos. However, some workers may still be exposed to lingering asbestos materials at jobsites.
03. Compensation for Oil Refinery Workers
Compensation for Victims of Occupational Asbestos Exposure
Refinery workers may take legal action against negligent asbestos companies and employers. Individuals diagnosed with an asbestos illness after occupational exposure may seek financial compensation.
Family of Oil Refinery Worker Awarded $5 Million
In 2006, a former oil refinery worker, George Saller, died of mesothelioma. From 1959 – 1967, Saller worked at Standard Oil Company. Saller experienced occupational asbestos exposure from Crown Cork & Seal Company’s asbestos products.
- $1.4 million in noneconomic damages
- $131,543 in economic damages
- $3.6 million in punitive damages
Financial compensation can help mesothelioma patients pay for treatment and other expenses. Oil refinery workers and their loved ones may seek compensation through: