The risk of asbestos exposure is high for construction workers, an occupation that employs around 10 million Americans each year. During the height of its use from the 1930s to the 1970s, many construction workers came into contact with asbestos-containing materials during demolitions, remodeling jobs and new construction projects. As a result, asbestos in construction has caused much concern.
Some products still contain asbestos as it’s not yet fully banned, and many older buildings are now being demolished or renovated, disturbing asbestos materials. As a result, construction workers are still at high risk of developing asbestos-related diseases, such as mesothelioma, asbestosis, lung disease, lung cancer and other asbestos-related cancers.
How Are Construction Workers at Risk of Exposure
There was a huge increase in new construction after the 1920s through the 1980s and 1990s, which is also when asbestos was a popular building material, offering strength, durability and fireproofing qualities. Various trades within the construction industry are at risk of exposure.
- Bricklayers and stone masons
- Drywall tapers
- Electric power linemen
- Tile installers
Asbestos was used in various construction trades. Common asbestos construction materials that have been linked to cases of mesothelioma and related health risks include vinyl floor tiles, roof tiles and roof coatings, ceiling tiles, siding, insulation, plasters, paint and much more. As workers handle these materials on construction sites, the asbestos fibers can become disturbed and inhaled or ingested, putting them at risk of developing malignant mesothelioma.
Companies and manufacturers that produced commonly used asbestos-containing construction products include Armstrong tiling, Ruberoid siding and insulation, National Gypsum cement and siding and a variety of Johns Manville Corporation products. As a result, many of these companies have been forced to establish trust funds to compensate mesothelioma victims and their family members that faced exposure to their asbestos products, and continue to face asbestos lawsuits as cases emerge.
Recent studies by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have shown that 70 – 80% of asbestos exposure in the 20th century was attributed to construction workers. Out of the 23 states that were analyzed, 96.3% of deaths from malignant mesothelioma were linked to shipbuilding and construction industries. With millions of Americans being employed in the construction industry each year, construction workers are one of the highest risk occupations.
Due to the long latency period before a mesothelioma diagnosis, it can take decades for previously exposed workers to develop the disease, contributing to the nearly 10,000 newly diagnosed cases of malignant mesothelioma in construction workers each year. In addition to past exposure, asbestos continues to pose a risk to workers, stressing the importance of safety standards to help prevent against occupational asbestos exposure.
Preventing Asbestos Exposure
Many protections have been put in place by organizations such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to help protect construction workers from asbestos exposure on the job.
- The permissible exposure limit (PEL) and excursion limit (EL) require employers to limit asbestos exposure.
- Engineering controls and work practices are required to limit exposure and offer respiratory protection.
- Employers must offer proper hazard communication and demarcation.
- Designated decontamination and lunch areas are required.
- Medical surveillance must be provided for those exposed to levels at or above the PEL.
- Employers must maintain proper record-keeping of potential exposures and employee medical surveillance.
Such precautions aim to protect workers from asbestos hazards in construction, provide them with resources on how to handle asbestos-containing products and document potential exposures and medical care given to workers that may have come into contact with asbestos. Due to asbestos not yet being fully banned in the United States, it’s crucial for employers and employees to recognize the hazards of asbestos exposure and take proper safety precautions to prevent development of asbestos-related diseases, while also pushing towards a full ban.
Author: Tara Strand
Senior Content WriterRead about Tara
Reviewer: Jennifer R. Lucarelli
Lawyer for Mesothelioma Victims and Their FamiliesRead about Jennifer
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Malignant Mesothelioma Mortality – United States, 1999-2015. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. March 3, 2017:66(8);214-218.
Koskinen K, Pukkala E, Martikainen RM, et al. Different Measures of Asbestos Exposure in Estimating Risk of Lung Cancer and Mesothelioma Among Construction Workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. December 2002:44(12);1190-1196.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Asbestos: Construction. Safety and Health Topics.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSHA Fact Sheet: Asbestos.