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Cisplatin, Interferon Alfa, Surgery, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. Combining chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and interferon alfa may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of cisplatin plus interferon alfa followed by surgery and interferon alfa plus radiation therapy in treating patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Tracking Information
First Received DateNovember 1, 1999
Last Changed DateApril 16, 2013
Start DateAugust 1996
Actual Primary Completion DateDecember 1999
Descriptive Information
PhasePhase 1
Study TypeInterventional
Condition
  • Malignant Mesothelioma
Intervention
  • Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
  • Drug: cisplatin
  • Procedure: surgical procedure
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
Study Arms / Comparison Groups1 / 0
Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of neoadjuvant interferon alfa 2b (IFN-A2b) administered with cisplatin in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. II. Determine the MTD of IFN-A2b administered with radiation therapy and cisplatin after surgery in these patients. III. Determine the response rate and toxicity of induction therapy with IFN-A2b and cisplatin in these patients. IV. Determine the toxicity of concurrent radiation therapy, cisplatin, and IFN-A2b after surgery in these patients. V. Determine the local control rate, freedom from progression, median survival, and long term survival of these patients after combined modality therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients receive induction therapy consisting of cisplatin IV weekly and interferon alfa 2b (IFN-A2b) subcutaneously three times a week for 6 weeks. Patients who experience at least 25% tumor shrinkage receive another 4 weeks of therapy. Patients then undergo debulking surgery to remove all gross tumor, if possible. If this resection is performed, then patients begin radiation therapy 2-6 weeks after surgery. Patients with unresectable tumors begin radiation therapy 2-4 weeks after the last course of induction chemotherapy. Patients undergo radiation therapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Concurrently, patients receive cisplatin IV weekly and IFN-A2b subcutaneously three times a week. Cohorts of 4 patients each receive escalated doses of IFN-A2b during induction chemotherapy. Once the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of IFN-A2b is established, one dose level below this dose is used for the beginning doses of IFN-A2b during adjuvant chemotherapy. If no unacceptable toxic effects occur, then the dose of IFN-A2b is escalated to the induction MTD. Patients are followed at 3-6 weeks after completing radiochemotherapy, then every 3 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25 patients will be accrued for this study within 2-3 years.

Recruitment Information
Recruitment StatusCompleted
Actual Enrollment6
GenderAll
Ages18 Years - N/A
Accepts Healthy VolunteersNo
Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically proven ipsilateral malignant pleural mesothelioma

- No contralateral thoracic or intra-abdominal involvement

- No distant metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- Age: 18 and over

- Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1

- Life expectancy: Not specified

- Hematopoietic:

- Absolute neutrophil count greater than 2,000/mm3

- Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3

- No symptomatic anemia requiring transfusion

- Hepatic:

- Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL

- No autoimmune hepatitis

- No history of decompensated liver disease; e.g. esophageal varices

- Ascites

- Albumin at least 2.5 mg/dL

- Increasing prothrombin time of at least 2.0

- Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL

- Cardiovascular:

- No symptomatic or debilitating cardiovascular disease,

- No concurrent thrombophlebitic or embolic disorders

- Pulmonary:

- No symptomatic or debilitating pulmonary disease,

- Pretreatment diffusion capacity greater than 30% of predicted normal

- Projected post-treatment FEV1 at least 1.0 L

- Other:

- No prior malignancy within 3 years, except nonmelanomatous skin cancer

- Carcinoma in situ of the cervix

- Ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast

- Not pregnant

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No history of hypersensitivity to interferon or any component of the injection

- No uncontrolled diabetes (blood sugars consistently at least 300 mg/dL)

- No insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with history of ketoacidosis within 1 year

- No psychosis

- No uncontrolled thyroid abnormalities

- No active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- Biologic therapy: No prior biologic therapy

- Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy

- Endocrine therapy: Not specified

- Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy

- Surgery:

- No prior debulking surgery

- No prior chest tube drainage with sclerosis if tumor resectable

- Prior thoracentesis allowed

Administrative Information
NCTIDNCT00003263
Responsible PartyCorey Langer, FCCC
SponsorFox Chase Cancer Center
Verification DateApril 2013
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