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Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Cancer in the Abdomen

Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Interleukin-12 may kill tumor cells by stimulating a person's white blood cells to kill cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of interleukin-12 in treating patients with cancer in the abdomen.

Tracking Information
First Received DateNovember 1, 1999
Last Changed DateJuly 27, 2012
Start DateAugust 1997
Actual Primary Completion DateOctober 2001
Primary Outcome Measures

Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Intraperitoneal Interleukin-12 [Time Frame: 4 weeks]

Descriptive Information
PhasePhase 1
Study TypeInterventional
  • Anal Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Gallbladder Cancer
  • Gastric Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Biological: Recombinant Interleukin-12
Study Arms / Comparison Groups1 / 0
Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of intraperitoneal interleukin-12 in patients with Mullerian carcinoma (closed to accrual as of 8/23/01), gastrointestinal carcinoma, or peritoneal mesothelioma (closed to accrual as of 8/23/01). II. Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxicity and reversibility of toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients receive intraperitoneal interleukin-12 over 30 minutes once weekly for 4 weeks. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Patients with stable or responsive disease may receive an additional 6 courses. Patients receive escalating doses of intraperitoneal interleukin-12 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is established, additional patients are accrued to receive interleukin-12 at the recommended dose.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 20-40 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Recruitment Information
Recruitment StatusCompleted
Actual Enrollment29
Ages18 Years - N/A
Accepts Healthy VolunteersNo
Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed Mullerian carcinoma (ovarian epithelial or peritoneal carcinoma) (closed to accrual as of 8/23/01) OR Gastrointestinal cancer with abdominal carcinomatosis OR Peritoneal mesothelioma (closed to accrual as of 8/23/01) Must have received an adequate course of any platinum-based chemotherapy regimen for ovarian cancer with evidence of intraabdominal disease Must have received an adequate course of fluorouracil-based treatment for metastatic colon cancer Intact primary gastrointestinal tumor allowed if not at risk of obstruction and/or bleeding Abdominal lesions must be less than 10 cm Extraperitoneal lesions must be less than 2 cm No hepatic disease No clinically significant pleural effusion (controlled by pleurodesis allowed) No brain metastases No significant adhesions or symptoms of obstruction

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Zubrod 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL (transfusion allowed) Lymphocyte count at least 800/mm3 Hepatic: See Disease Characteristics Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL SGOT or SGPT less than 2.5 times upper limit of normal Albumin at least 3.5 g/dL Hepatitis B and C negative Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No significant heart disease Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception Loss of no more than 10% of body weight over a 4 month period No overt autoimmune disease No active ulcer disease No prior inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No other concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin or nitrosoureas) and recovered No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No chronic steroid therapy Radiotherapy: At least 3 months since prior localized radiotherapy (e.g., pelvic or small field) and recovered No radiotherapy to whole abdomen No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Recovered from prior surgery At least 3 weeks since prior major abdominal surgery At least 2 weeks since prior laparoscopy

Administrative Information
Responsible PartySponsor
SponsorM.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Verification DateJuly 2012
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