01. Asbestos Risk for Railroad Workers
How Are Railroad Workers Exposed to Asbestos?
Asbestos was used in the railroad industry mainly for strength and heat resistance. Many railroad structures and equipment faced friction and high temperatures. Asbestos helped materials to withstand heavy use and offered fire prevention.
Facts About Railroad Workers
- 77,700 railroad workers in the U.S. (2019)
- Asbestos Exposure: Previous and ongoing exposure risk
- Asbestos-Related Disease Risk: Moderate
- Similar Occupations: Machine operators, delivery truck drivers, water transportation workers
Asbestos was used in railroad products from at least the 1930s until the 1980s. The mineral was used in many products that could be found in rail houses, repair shops, railcars and more. As a result, a variety of individuals were at risk of asbestos exposure. Individuals who laid down the railroad tracks, repaired railroad structures or equipment, operated or traveled on locomotives may have been exposed to asbestos.
Although asbestos use in the railroad industry stopped in the 1980s, old products may still pose an exposure risk. As the products face wear and tear, damage and aging, asbestos fibers may become airborne. As a result, railroad work is considered a high-risk asbestos occupation.
What Asbestos Products Put Railroad Workers at Risk?
Asbestos was used throughout construction materials and equipment in the railroad industry. Railroad employees may have been exposed to asbestos from:
- Asbestos insulation
- Asbestos cement
- Brake pads
- Brake linings
- Ceiling tiles
- Electrical panels
- Floor tiles
- Pipe covering
- Rail ties
- Sealing cement
- Steam engines
Asbestos was frequently used in construction products within passenger cars. Asbestos insulation was particularly common in the railroad industry. It was used in boilers, engine rooms, electrical panels and other components facing high temperatures.
Railroad companies across the country have exposed workers and passengers to some of these asbestos-containing products. The Flintkote Company and American Standard, Inc. are among the manufacturers known to supply railroad companies with asbestos products.
Railroad Companies That Used Asbestos
- Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
- Birmingham Southern Railroad Company
- Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad
- Chicago and Northwestern Railroad
- D. L. and W. Railroad Company
- Erie Lackawanna Railroad
- General Electric Transportation Systems
- Iowa Interstate Railroad, Ltd
- Kansas City Southern Railway Company
- Long Island Railroad
- Metro-North Railroad
- National Railroad Passenger Corporation
- Pennsylvania Railroad
- Railroad Friction Products Corporation
- Union Pacific Railroad Company
- San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad Company
Common Places Asbestos Is Found in the Railroad Industry
All train types may have contained asbestos, including freight trains and passenger trains. It was also used throughout rail yards, rail shops and other areas in the railroad industry.
Asbestos materials were most common in areas facing high temperatures, friction or heavy use in the railroad industry. Locations in the workplace that often exposed railroad employees include:
- Passenger cars
- Boiler rooms
- Engine rooms
- Train carriages
Asbestos was particularly common in steam engines. Boilers are the main component of steam engines. Fuel powered the boiler to heat water and convert it into steam. As a result, the boiler reached extreme temperatures. Asbestos insulation and other components in the boiler room helped equipment withstand this heat while preventing fires.
The boiler room and other parts of the train could often have poor ventilation. Less ventilation allows for higher concentrations of asbestos fibers. This could pose a greater risk of exposure for those in the area.
Railroad Workers and At-Risk Trades
Several trades within the railroad industry risked exposure to asbestos. At-risk trades in the railroad industry include:
- Brake operators/brakemen
- Switch operators/switchmen
- Car couplers
- Hydraulic engineers
- Refrigeration engineers
- Train crews
Several other trades were also at risk of exposure from the railroad industry. For example, passenger trains may have exposed servers, cooks, baggage handlers and other train crewmembers. Those who worked in railroad shops, repair shops and rail yards also may have been exposed.
02. Mesothelioma Risk
Mesothelioma Risk for Railroad Workers
Railroad workers exposed to asbestos face health risks, such as mesothelioma cancer, lung cancer, asbestosis and other asbestos diseases. In a study conducted in Belgium from 2001 to 2009, researchers found railroad workers face a significantly higher risk of mesothelioma mortality compared to the general population.
Some studies suggest older employees may be at great risk of developing an asbestos illness if they worked with steam locomotives. Before the 1950s, locomotives were primarily powered by steam rather than diesel. Asbestos was most common with steam-powered equipment, putting railroad workers at significant risk of occupational exposure.
In one study, researchers analyzed past occupational asbestos exposure among 514 active U.S. railroad workers. Researchers found 21% of workers 50+ years old had likely asbestos exposure. Of workers ≤49 years old, about 3% had likely asbestos exposure. As a result, these railway workers are at a higher risk of asbestos disease, including mesothelioma.
03. Compensation for Workers
Compensation for Victims of Occupational Asbestos Exposure
Railroad workers and their families may be eligible for compensation after an asbestos diagnosis or death. Compensation can help victims and their families with treatment costs, loss of income and more.
For instance, railroad workers may seek compensation through the Federal Employers Liability Act (FELA). These are civil action lawsuits against the employer for negligence leading to asbestos exposure. FELA takes the place of a typical workers’ compensation program.
Claimants must have a negligence-related injury, such as a mesothelioma diagnosis after wrongful exposure.
Many claimants have filed successful lawsuits under FELA and were awarded compensation.
In 2006, the widow of railway worker Ray Williams won a verdict of $7.4 million against CSX Transportation. Williams worked for the company from 1962 to 1999. During this time, he frequently worked with asbestos materials. Williams claimed the company neglected to inform him of the dangers of exposure. He was later diagnosed with mesothelioma and passed away.
Six former employees filed a lawsuit under FELA in 2003 against Norfolk & Western Railway Company. All of the claimants were diagnosed with asbestosis as a result of occupational exposure. The jury found the company negligent. As a result, the employees were awarded damages, ranging from $500,000 to $1.2 million. Collectively, the verdict amounted to around $4.9 million.
FELA does not apply to all railroad companies. To qualify, companies must operate in multiple states. An experienced lawyer can help individuals understand eligibility. If FELA doesn’t apply, victims may choose to pursue a lawsuit against the asbestos manufacturer or another type of claim.
An asbestos attorney can help victims determine their eligibility for an asbestos lawsuit, FELA claim and other compensation options.