01. Shipyard History
Lockheed Shipbuilding was located on Harbor Island, Seattle, Washington, from 1959 to 1988.
The shipyard was originally founded in 1898 as the Puget Sound Bridge & Dredging Company. In 1959, Lockheed Shipbuilding & Construction Company bought the yard. The shipyard built several different types of ships for the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard and the states of Alaska and Washington. However, ship construction ended in 1988, when Lockheed began losing business to Avondale Shipbuilding.
Harbor Island, including the location of Lockheed Shipbuilding, was declared a Superfund site. By 2020 much of the island had been cleaned up. Today, Harbor Island houses businesses, including a 117,000-square foot sound stage and a marina. The businesses on the island are mostly industrial and there are no residences.
Lockheed Shipbuilding History at a Glance
- Other Names: Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Co.
- Location: Harbor Island, Seattle, Washington
- Owner(s): Lockheed Shipbuilding & Construction Company
- Years of Operation: 1959 – 1988
- Wartime Operations: Vietnam War
- Number of Employees: 4,000 in the 1970s
- Size of Shipyard: 18 acres
- Noteworthy Ships: USS Brooke, USS Ramsey, USS Navasota, USS Schofield, USS Sample, USS Denver, USS Juneau
- Types of Ships Built/Serviced: Destroyer escorts, oilers, assault ships, roll-on/roll-off ships, ammunition ships, submarine tenders, dredges, tugs, ferries, minesweepers, ice breakers, guided-missile frigates
Many workers at Lockheed Shipbuilding were potentially exposed to asbestos. Workers’ loved ones may have also experienced secondhand exposure. As a result, many people developed asbestos-related diseases, such as asbestosis, asbestos lung cancer, pleural mesothelioma and peritoneal mesothelioma. People who developed an asbestos-related disease may be eligible for compensation.
Notable Ships Built and Repaired
During its short history, Lockheed Shipbuilding built a wide variety of military and commercial ships. Many of these ships served in the Vietnam War, including the USS Schofield and USS Juneau.
USS Schofield, a guided-missile escort ship, was laid down at Lockheed Shipbuilding in 1963. In 1969, she had her first deployment for the Vietnam War. She returned to Vietnam in 1971, where she supported training exercises in between her war duties.
Quick Ship Facts
- Ship’s Name: USS Schofield
- Year Built: 1963
- Years In Service: 1968 – 1988
After an overhaul in 1971 and 1972 at Long Beach Naval Shipyard, she returned for her third deployment to Vietnam. This deployment included her first active battle duties. The ship received four battle stars for her efforts during the war.
During her construction, overhauls and Vietnam deployments, asbestos would have been used onboard the USS Schofield. This asbestos use put workers and crew at risk of developing mesothelioma.
The USS Juneau was an amphibious transport dock that was laid down at Lockheed Shipbuilding in 1965. Also known as “Mighty J,” USS Juneau had five deployments during the Vietnam War.
Quick Ship Facts
- Ship’s Name: USS Juneau, aka “Big J,” aka “Mighty J”
- Year Built: 1965
- Years in Service: 1969 – 2008
In 1989, she assisted with the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska. She participated in Operation Desert Storm in 1990. USS Juneau was decommissioned in 2008.
At the time USS Juneau was constructed, asbestos was used heavily in shipbuilding. Anyone who worked on construction and repairs may have been exposed to asbestos. Those who served aboard the amphibious transport dock are also at risk of developing an asbestos-related disease.
02. Shipyard Asbestos Use
Asbestos Use at Lockheed Shipbuilding
Asbestos was used to manufacture many products. It was a popular additive because it increased the durability and heat resistance of substances. Such products were ideal for use in the harsh environments often present in the shipping industry.
Lockheed Shipbuilding was in operation from 1959 to 1988. Asbestos use was common during this timeframe. The dangerous mineral was often present in items such as boilers, incinerators, insulating materials and other elements of ships. This means people who worked in shipyards have a high risk of asbestos exposure and of developing asbestos-related diseases.
Asbestos product highlight: Ceiling and floor tiles
Ceilings and floors inside ships had to withstand high temperatures and wear and tear. Asbestos was added to tiles to limit maintenance and replacement. It also served as an effective fire retardant. When people installed or repaired asbestos tiles, they were exposed to asbestos.
Asbestos Exposure at Lockheed Shipbuilding
Lockheed Shipbuilding bustled with the activity of private citizens and military personnel. With the amount of asbestos in shipyards and ships, U.S. Navy veterans faced frequent exposure. Civilian workers and visitors also faced asbestos exposure risk. Before the 1980s, any shipyard visitor faced potential asbestos exposure and the risk of developing malignant mesothelioma cancer.
Maintenance workers on destroyer escorts, oilers, assault ships, roll-on/roll-off ships, ammunition ships and submarine tenders faced the same risks. Poor ventilation on ships combined with pervasive asbestos use made exposure common. For example, plumbers and pipefitters were exposed through the normal duties of their jobs.
Exposed to asbestos at work: Plumbers and pipefitters
Workers who installed and repaired pipes and plumbing were at risk of asbestos exposure. The dangerous mineral was often used to insulate plumbing fixtures throughout ships. Any time the material was disturbed, workers faced a risk of inhaling asbestos fibers.
Asbestos use all but stopped before the 1980s. However, people can still be exposed at shipyards when working on ships maintained or built before 1980. Various shipyard duties, including sanding or sawing pipes for installation, exposed shipyard workers to asbestos.
03. Asbestos Lawsuits
Asbestos Lawsuits and Settlements
Shipyard workers, veterans and visitors of Lockheed Shipbuilding are at risk of developing mesothelioma, asbestos cancer or another asbestos illness. Those diagnosed have several claim options to receive financial compensation.
Asbestos-disease victims can seek compensation from the companies responsible for their exposure. An individual’s claim options will vary depending on each company’s current status. Victims can work with a mesothelioma lawyer to discuss their options and obtain compensation through a lawsuit, settlement, trust fund and/or VA claim (or a combination of these types of claims).
Holding Asbestos Companies Responsible
Various companies that used to manufacture asbestos products have not filed for bankruptcy. Individuals can file lawsuits against such companies. Asbestos lawsuits can provide victims compensation through verdicts or settlements.
Hopeman Brothers, Inc., a ship carpentry company, manufactured asbestos-filled panels for shipbuilding. This put carpenters and anyone else who worked on the ships or shipyards at risk of developing asbestos-related diseases such as mesothelioma.
Another viable company, Cleaver-Brooks Company, wrongfully exposed people to asbestos at Lockheed Shipbuilding through their boilers. This exposure put workers and crew members at risk of asbestos-related diseases.
As a result, some of these victims have filed successful lawsuits against these companies.
Example Lawsuit Recovery for Lockheed Shipbuilding Worker
51-Year-Old Wife of Ship Scaler Diagnosed With Mesothelioma
Recovery: $1.3 million
Years Husband Worked at Lockheed Shipyard: 1975 – 1979
A union ship scaler spent four years at Lockheed Shipbuilding. His duties required him to tear out and remove asbestos-containing insulation from ships that were being overhauled and repaired. He worked near others performing insulation tear-out, including pipefitters, welders, shipfitters and machinists. This work created large quantities of asbestos dust that adhered to his clothing. His wife would shake out and launder his work clothes, exposing her to asbestos dust which she breathed in.
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04. Filing Asbestos Claims
Asbestos Company Trusts
Some companies who wrongfully exposed people to asbestos turned to bankruptcy to handle asbestos-related claims. Since the 2000s, more than 100 companies have taken this approach. Many of these asbestos companies created asbestos trust funds in order to compensate victims of asbestos-related diseases.
Shipyard workers developed asbestos-related diseases after working with asbestos products. One compensation option for these individuals is to file a claim with that asbestos company’s trust.
Asbestos Company Trust Funds and Eligible Years of Employment
The following companies provided asbestos products to Lockheed Shipbuilding. After facing many asbestos lawsuits and exposing innocent people to asbestos, these companies filed for bankruptcy and created trusts to pay victims. If an individual worked at Lockheed Shipbuilding and developed a disease such as mesothelioma, they may be able to file a claim against these companies’ trusts.
|Asbestos Company Name||Eligibility Start Date||Eligibility End Date|
|Babcock and Wilcox||1/1/1956||12/31/1982|