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Study of FAK (Defactinib) and PD-1 (Pembrolizumab) Inhibition in Advanced Solid Malignancies (FAK-PD1)

Brief Summary

This study will explore whether defactinib (a FAK inhibitor) can be safely and tolerably combined with pembrolizumab (a PD-1 inhibitor) and will look for early indications of improved anticancer immunotherapy. It will focus on three key cancers, all in clear need of improved therapies - NSCLC, pancreatic cancer and mesothelioma.

Tracking Information
First Received DateApril 20, 2016
Last Changed DateAugust 8, 2017
Start DateJuly 4, 2017
Anticipated Primary Completion DateMay 2019
Primary Outcome Measures

Adverse events (AEs) using CTCAE v4.03 (to determine dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD)) [Time Frame: 6 months]

Secondary Outcome Measures

Objective response rate (ORR), using best objective response by irRECIST [Time Frame: 3 years]

Duration of response (DoR) [Time Frame: 3 years]

Progression free survival (PFS) using irRECIST [Time Frame: 3 years]

Overall survival [Time Frame: 3 years]

Change in FAK Y397 phosphorylation [Time Frame: 2 weeks]

Change in immune cell infiltrate [Time Frame: 2 weeks]

Descriptive Information
PhasePhase 1/Phase 2
Study TypeInterventional
Condition
  • Carcinoma, Non-small-cell Lung
  • Mesothelioma
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms
Intervention
  • Drug: Defactinib
  • Drug: Pembrolizumab
Study Arms / Comparison Groups4 / 0
Detailed Description

Programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) blockade is a well-tolerated novel cancer immunotherapy with monotherapy response rates of 20-50% in tumour types such as bladder, melanoma, renal and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), along with durable benefit. However, other tumour types (such as pancreatic cancer) have been poorly responsive and it is likely that the activity of PD-1 blockade is limited in many patients by the presence of additional immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment interactions. The investigators have recently shown in preclinical studies that Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) inhibition can re-model multiple aspects of the tumour immune microenvironment, shifting the balance from inhibitory Tregs, TAMs, CAFs & MDSCs, to one which supports an active CD8+ T cell adaptive immune response, suitable for synergistic anti-PD-1 therapy.

The current clinical study will explore whether FAK inhibition (defactinib/VS-6063) can be safely and tolerably combined with PD-1 blockade (pembrolizumab), with early indications of improved anticancer immunotherapy from this novel combination. The investigators will focus on three key tumour types, all cancers in clear need of improved therapies. NSCLC, aiming to augment the moderate monotherapy activity of PD-1 blockade; pancreatic cancer, aiming to release immunological activity in this otherwise resistant cancer; and, finally, mesothelioma, where emerging data suggests both agents may have monotherapy activity, including a potential additional mode of action via synthetic lethality of FAK inhibition in the ~50% of mesothelioma with NF2 mutation.

Phase I/IIa clinical study of defactinib (VS-6063, FAK inhibitor) in combination with pembrolizumab (anti-PD-1) therapy, initially in an "all-comers" dose escalation phase, and subsequently in expansion cohorts at the optimal doses in patients with: (a) pancreatic cancer; (b) NSCLC; and (c) mesothelioma. Safety, tolerability and clinical activity will be explored, as well as extensive translational work to characterise the biological effects and explore potential predictive and pharmacodynamic biomarkers.

PHASE I

Dose-escalation in an "all-comers" phase I population, with treatment-refractory advanced solid malignancies, unselected by tumour type as follows:

Cohorts 200 mg (IV) pembrolizumab every 3 weeks: plus 200 mg (oral) defactinib twice daily 200 mg (IV)pembrolizumab every 3 weeks: plus 400 mg (oral) defactinib twice daily

PHASE II

Expansions in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer & mesothelioma (each 15-16 evaluable patients).

Pancreatic

Pancreatic expansion for response assessment (single arm). Optional paired biopsies prior to treatment and after 14 days of treatment. Concurrent therapy with pembrolizumab + defactinib (VS-6063) from the start (c.f. NSCLC & mesothelioma expansions below). 15 evaluable patients with an interim futility assessment for clinical response and tolerability when data available from 6.

- Classic "stromal" cancer, where the tumour microenvironment is believed to limit the activity of multiple agents. However broad preclinical data for various approaches to re-modelling the tumour microenvironment to permit immunotherapy.

- Minimal single-agent anti-PD-1/PD-L1 activity, explores hypothesis of conversion to sensitivity and predictive biomarkers for this.

NSCLC

NSCLC paired-biopsy expansion for tissue biomarkers. Mandatory biopsies prior to treatment and after around 14 days of treatment. 1:1 randomised split of patients having their on-treatment biopsy after concurrent therapy, or after a defactinib (VS-6063) monotherapy run-in. 16 evaluable patients with an interim futility assessment for clinical response and tolerability when data available from 11.

- Moderate single-agent anti-PD-1/PD-L1 activity explores hypothesis of amplification of sensitivity and predictive biomarkers for this.

- Paired-biopsy assessment of proof of mechanism biomarkers (FAK signalling, tumour immune microenvironment).

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma paired-biopsy expansion for tissue biomarkers. Mandatory biopsies prior to treatment and after around 14 days of treatment. 1:1 randomised split of patients having their on-treatment biopsy after concurrent therapy, or after a defactinib (VS-6063) monotherapy run-in). 16 evaluable patients with an interim futility assessment for clinical response and tolerability when data available from 11.

- Emerging single-agent immune checkpoint, as well as potential FAK-inhibitor activity, explores hypothesis of multi-modal combination activity (microenvironment, checkpoint and synthetic lethality), as well as predictive biomarkers for this.

- Paired-biopsy assessment of proof of mechanism biomarkers (FAK signalling, tumour immune microenvironment).

Recruitment Information
Recruitment StatusRecruiting
Anticipated Enrollment59
GenderAll
Ages18 Years - N/A
Accepts Healthy VolunteersNo
Contact Dawn Currie
Email: dawn.currie@glasgow.ac.uk
Phone: 00 44 141 301 7194
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All Patients:

- Informed, written consent

- Male or female, aged 18 years or older at the time consent is given

- ECOG performance status 0 or 1, with no deterioration over the previous 2 weeks

- Life expectancy of at least 3 months

- Measurable disease according to irRECIST criteria, with at least one measurable lesion that has objectively progressed since (or on) any previous therapy

- Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function on blood investigations within 7 days prior to treatment initiation

- Patients must have been offered all appropriate standard-of-care treatments (or all those indicated before anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy, if licensed)

- Patients must agree to use adequate contraceptive measures for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication

- Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to start of dosing

- Consent to supply any available archival tissue

Dose escalation (Phase I):

- Pathological diagnosis of any advanced solid tumour type, with confirmation that a tissue sample (core biopsy or resected specimen) is available

Pancreatic expansion (Phase IIa):

- Pathological diagnosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma with confirmation that a tissue sample (core biopsy or resected specimen) is available

NSCLC expansion (Phase IIa):

- Pathological diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

- Lesion suitable for repeat biopsy

- Baseline biopsy containing tumour material during eligibility

- Consent for paired biopsies on study

Mesothelioma expansion (Phase IIa):

- Pathological diagnosis of mesothelioma

- Lesion suitable for repeat biopsy

- Baseline biopsy containing tumour material during eligibility

- Consent for paired biopsies on study

Exclusion Criteria:

All patients:

- An additional invasive cancer in the last 5 years (other than treated and controlled localised non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical carcinoma-in-situ, or indolent prostate cancer that has been stable for > 1 year)

- Any central nervous system metastases unless treated and asymptomatic, as well as stable on imaging and not requiring steroids in the preceding 4 weeks

- Any interventional studies, systemic cancer therapies or monoclonal antibodies in the preceding 4 weeks (6 weeks for mitomycin C and nitrosureas)

- Any live vaccines in the preceding 4 weeks

- Systemic immunosuppressive agents in the preceding 2 weeks. Immunosuppressive agents include steroids such as prednisolone (doses ≥ 15 mg daily) or dexamethasone (doses ≥ 2 mg daily).

Replacement therapy (e.g. physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency etc) is not considered a form of systemic treatment

- Diagnosis of immunodeficiency

- Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment

- Known interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis

- Known history of Tuberculosis (TB), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or active Hepatitis B or C

- Other severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases (e.g. uncontrolled hypertension, recent myocardial infarction, organ failure or active infection)

- Baseline (non-laboratory) toxicities greater than grade 1 (CTCAE v4.03) despite optimal supportive therapy, including fatigue, anorexia, nausea or diarrhoea, but with the exception of alopecia

- Pregnancy or lactation

- Limited ability to swallow or absorb oral medications

- Hypersensitivity to defactinib (VS-6063), pembrolizumab or excipients (including L-histidine, L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate, sucrose or polysorbate 80)

- History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator

Administrative Information
NCTIDNCT02758587
Responsible Party,
SponsorNHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Verification DateJuly 2017
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