The USS Osmond Ingram (DD-255) served in the US Navy for nearly three decades in the early 20th century. She was named for Osmond K. Ingram, who was noted for his heroism in World War I and was the first enlisted man to have a Navy destroyer named after him. Osmond Ingram was laid down as a Clemson-class destroyer.
Osmond Ingram was laid down in Quincy, Massachusetts by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation in October 1918, launched in February 1919, and commissioned in June with Lieutenant Commander M.B. DeMott in command. Carrying a crew of 114, Osmond Ingram was armed with four 4-inch rapid-fire guns, one three-inch anti-aircraft gun, and twelve 21-inch torpedo tubes.
Osmond Ingram participated in fleet operations in the Atlantic before into being put into reserve at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in June 1922. In November 1940, Osmond Ingram was converted into seaplane carrier AVD-9, and relocated to San Juan, Puerto Rico. Osmond Ingram then operated between San Juan, Trinidad, and Antigua from January 1941 and then was based in the Panama Canal Zone to tend patrol aircraft at Ecuador, Salinas, and in the Galapagos Islands.
In June 1942, Osmond Ingram was assigned to escort duty, and operated between Trinidad and Recife and Belem, Brazil. Osmond Ingram was then re-deployed to Newfoundland to conduct anti-submarine duties as part of the hunter/killer group centered on the aircraft Carrier Bogue. She sank German submarine U-178 in December 1943 and was honored, along with the group, with a Presidential Unit Citation for this service.
Osmond Ingram continued escort duty in 1944 and, by June, sailed to Charleston Navy Yard for conversion into high-speed transport APD-35. Osmond Ingram was then assigned to the Mediterranean and aided in pre-invasion assaults off the French coast in August, and then served as an escort for convoys around France and Italy until late December.
Osmond Ingram returned to Norfolk, Virginia and then was assigned to the Pacific. Following escort duty from New York to San Diego and Pear Harbor, Eniwetok, and Ulithi, Osmond Ingram served with an assault force at Okinawa in April 1945. She also escorted convoys to Saipan and Guam, and served escort and patrol duty in the Philippines. Osmond Ingram then aided in the occupation of Japan before being decommissioned at Philadelphia in January 1946 and sold for scrap in June.
Asbestos Risk on the USS Osmond Ingram (DD-255)
Installing asbestos in the design of marine vessels was mandated by Congress in the early 1930s, after a deadly fire on a luxury liner resulted in great loss of life. Osmond Ingram installed asbestos-containing materials in great quantities, particularly in boilers and engineering spaces, and to insulate compartments in all sections of the ship. The damage brought about by asbestos happens when very small fibers are breathed in or swallowed; they infiltrate the lungs and mesothelium and sometimes other organs, leading to scarring in the case of asbestosis and damage at the DNA level in the case of lung cancer and mesothelioma.
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Haze Gray & Underway. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. DD-255.
http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/destroy/dd255txt.htm Retrieved 3 January 2011.
NavSource Naval History, USS Osmond Ingram (DD-255).
http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/255.htm Retrieved 3 January 2011.