The USS Dyson (DD-572) served in the U.S. Navy for a half a decade in the early 20th century, and was later transferred to West Germany. She was named for Charles Wilson Dyson, a naval engineer noted for his service in World War I. Dyson was built as a Fletcher-class destroyer.
Dyson was laid down at Orange, Texas by the Consolidated Steel Corporation in June 1941, launched in April 1942, and commissioned in December with Commander R. Gano in command. Holding a crew complement of 273, Dyson was armed with five 5-inch anti-aircraft guns, four 1.1-inch anti-aircraft guns, four 20-millimeter anti-aircraft guns, and ten 21-inch torpedo tubes.
Dyson conducted escort duty off the east coast and the Caribbean, until departing New York for the Pacific in May 1943. The destroyer served patrol and escort duty around Espiritu Santo and, in August, commenced operations in the Solomon Islands. During this deployment, Dyson intercepted Japanese forces and sank two barges. Dyson covered the troop landings at Cape Torokina, Bougainville with Destroyer Squadron 23 in October, and also participated in the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay.
Dyson fought in the Battle of Cape St. George, later in November, during which three Japanese destroyers were sunk. Operating in the Solomon Islands until March 1944, Dyson patrolled shipping lanes and supported the invasion of Green Island by hunting for Japanese vessels to stop them from getting to the northern Solomon Islands. Dyson sank several enemy ships in February and then operated during the invasion of Emirau, with Task Force 31, in March.
Dyson joined Task Force 58 to protect aircraft carriers during raids on Palau, Yap, and Ulithi, as well as the Hollandia operations in April. She also operated as a carrier screen during the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Mariana Islands invasion, and then the Battle of Leyte and Luzon invasion following a west coast overhaul. Dyson commenced patrol, radar picket, escort, and rescue duty at Okinawa in May 1945, and returned to the United States in September, followed by decommissioning in March 1947. The destroyer was transferred to West Germany in February 1960, and then to Greece in February 1982 for scrap.
Asbestos Risk on the USS Dyson (DD-572)
Essentially every area on board Dyson contained asbestos. Because asbestos is such good insulation, it could be found in turbines, boilers, engines, and many other ship’s systems. It was wrapped around steam pipes running throughout the vessel. Since asbestos insulation was used so commonly on board, essentially all crewmen suffered exposure at some point during their career. Sailors handling engineering equipment had a greater degree of exposure, as were crewmembers serving in fire suppression and damage control.
Research has proven a strong correlation between Naval asbestos exposure and a diagnosis of mesothelioma. Since asbestos is currently the only known cause of this disease, Navy veterans that served aboard Dyson likely have a legal right to compensation. An experienced mesothelioma attorney is essential when filing your case.Sources
Haze Gray & Underway. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. DD-572.
NavSource Naval History. USS Dyson (DD-572).
Tin Can Sailors. Charles Wilson Dyson.