The USS Crosby (DD-164) was one of 111 Wickes-class destroyers to be built for the US Navy during World War II. She was named in honor of Admiral Pierce Crosby, who served during both the Mexican-American and Civil wars.
Crosby was launched by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation in Quincy, Massachusetts on September 28, 1918. She was sponsored by Mrs. C. Tittman. Lieutenant Commander Fred Thomas Berry took command of Crosby on January 24, 1919, at which time she reported to the Atlantic Fleet.
As her first duty, Crosby joined in the exercises at Guantanamo Bay. In May 1919, she sailed for Trepassey Bay in Newfoundland, where she served as a plane guard for the world’s first trans-Atlantic flight performed by Navy seaplanes. She was later assigned to the Pacific Fleet, after which she sailed from New York to San Diego, visiting Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Washington along the way. Crosby was placed on reserve status on January 30, 1920 in San Diego and was later decommissioned on June 7, 1922.
More than 17 years after being decommissioned, Crosby was recommissioned on December 18, 1939. She then sailed on Neutrality Patrol before being assigned to the 11th Naval District Defense Forces. Here, she participated in a reserve training cruise before resuming her patrols and providing services to Destroyer Base, San Diego. She continued to operate in this capacity after the United States entry into World War II all the way until February 1, 1943, at which time she was converted to a high-speed transport at Mare Island Navy Yard. Crosby was reclassified on February 22, 1943 as APD-17.
Following her reclassification, Crosby arrived at Espiritu Santo for training exercises with the 4th Marines. Here, she performed numerous duties, including serving as a transport screen and landing troops in several areas, including on the Treasury Islands while under heavy gunfire. Crosby again underwent an overhaul on November 21, after which she provided amphibious landing training to Army and Marine personnel while continuing to land troops in several locations throughout the world.
On January 6, 1944, Crosby provided escort to numerous convoys from Espiritu Santo to the Solomon Islands. She provided antisubmarine patrol while also performing screening duty and landing troops on several more occasions. Crosby underwent another overhaul on February 25, after which she performed more antisubmarine patrols off Okinawa, narrowly escaping being damaged by a suicide plane.
Crosby was decommissioned on September 28, 1945 and was sold for scrap to Boston Metals Co. in Baltimore, Maryland on September 28, 1945. She earned a Navy Unit Commendation as well as 10 battle stars for her service in World War II.
Asbestos Risk on the USS Crosby (DD-164)
The use of asbestos-containing materials in the construction of naval ships was mandated by the US Congress in the early 1930s, after a fire at sea on a luxury liner killed more than 100 people. Ships like Crosby deployed asbestos in large amounts, particularly in engines and engine compartments, and to insulate compartments in other parts of the vessel. The damage done by asbestos happens when tiny fibers are breathed in or swallowed; they can infiltrate the respiratory system and sometimes the stomach, leading to scarring in the case of pleural plaques and damage at the cellular level in the case of lung cancer and mesothelioma.
Tragically, the prognosis for mesothelioma cases is rarely positive; most mesothelioma disease patients live for a few months to a few years after being diagnosed. As malignant mesothelioma is not a common condition, not many clinics or health-care providers specialize in the treatment of mesothelioma. If you have contracted mesothelioma, there are legal options that might be available to you and choosing a well-established mesothelioma attorney can help you determine the best course of action. We have also produced a mesothelioma information packet with up-to-date information concerning your legal and treatment options, as well as a list of open clinical trials in the United States. Simply fill out the form on this page and we'll get a packet to you, at no charge.Sources
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. (http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c15/crosby.htm) Retrieved 20 December 2010