Bell & Gossett Company History
Founded in 1916, Bell & Gossett is one of the leading suppliers of centrifugal water pumps to the heating/ventilation/air-conditioning (HVAC) industry. Based in Morton Grove, Illinois, the company sells a variety of pumps, parts and accessories, including valves, rotors and controllers, for use in residential, commercial and institutional buildings. Bell & Gossett products are also used in the metal forming, water treatment and municipal markets.
Bell & Gossett is a part of ITT Corporation, a large global manufacturing company with more than $11.6 billion in revenue in 2008. ITT’s water products division, which includes Bell & Gossett, is the world’s largest supplier of pumps and systems to transport, treat and control water. ITT is also one of the ten largest defense contractors for the U.S. military, and the company’s “motion and flow control” businesses supply components for aerospace and transportation projects.
Asbestos Exposure Risk at Bell & Gossett
Because they are constantly processing water and other liquids that are extremely hot, it stands to reason that HVAC pumps’ components must be built to withstand high temperatures. By 1940, Bell & Gossett had found a solution to this problem: asbestos. The mineral was strong, durable, heat- and fire-resistant, and because it was found in large deposits in nature, it was also inexpensive. Bell & Gossett was not alone. Numerous companies turned to asbestos, not just to help their products withstand heat, but to make building products fire resistant, to help make acoustic panels soundproof, and to make packing materials strong and pliable.
By the 1970s, though, it became apparent that exposure to asbestos could be a health hazard. In most asbestos products, the mineral’s fibers were contained within another substance, which kept the particles from being released into the environment and made the products somewhat safe. But when asbestos products age, they tend to become brittle and crumbly and release asbestos dust into the air. This is when problems arise, because when those particles are inhaled, they can become stuck in a person’s lung tissue and plant the seed for a life-threatening illness like mesothelioma. Manufacturing asbestos products also posed a hazard, as doing so often required handling raw asbestos fibers.
Literally thousands of products were made with asbestos up to the 1970s and 1980s. At Bell & Gossett, pumps contained asbestos-laden gaskets and packing, and the company’s product specifications called for systems’ pipes to be insulated with asbestos insulation. A Bell & Gossett sales catalog from 1940 further specified that products should be installed in asbestos cement.
Bell & Gossett products thought to have contained asbestos include (but are not limited to):
- Bell & Gossett Hydro Flo Systems (insulation, asbestos cement)
- Packing material
Occupations at Risk for Asbestos Exposure
Plumbers, pipefitters and other laborers who worked with Bell & Gossett products made prior to 1985 may have been exposed to hazardous asbestos fibers. People in these occupations are at an especially high risk of contracting mesothelioma or another asbestos-related disease because they tended to work in close quarters, like boiler rooms, where asbestos fibers were difficult to escape. Also at risk are factory workers who worked in the presence of asbestos in Bell & Gossett plants, even if they never laid a hand on an asbestos product themselves. Even their family members could have had their health compromised if the worker brought home asbestos dust on their clothing or work gear; like cigarette smoke, even secondhand asbestos can have profound health risks.
Mesothelioma is a rare but aggressive type of cancer that affects up to 3,000 Americans each year. The only known cause of mesothelioma is asbestos exposure, but because it can take up to 50 years to present symptoms in the human body, the disease can be difficult to diagnose. If you think you or someone you know could be at risk, take the time to learn more about the disease and its treatment options today.
Leaders at ITT, Bell & Gossett’s parent company, acknowledge that their companies may have sold pumps that included gaskets and packing that contained asbestos, though they maintain the parts were manufactured by other companies. They also say they stopped using asbestos materials in 1985.
Numerous asbestos-related lawsuits have been filed against Bell & Gossett and ITT Corporation, with the plaintiffs alleging that they suffered health problems as a result of exposure to the companies’ asbestos products.Sources
ITT Corporation – History
1940 Bell & Gossett Handbook
1947 Bell & Gossett Boiler Heating Catalogue
1961 Bell & Gossett Hydro-Flo Brochure
“ITT Reports Strong Third Quarter 2009 Operating Results”